Friday, August 18, 2017


"The darkest places in hell are reserved for those who maintain their neutrality in times of moral crisis."

Thursday, August 3, 2017

One more story about spending time with my mother-in-law

I explained in a previous post that my mother-in-law has a bit of dementia.  However I spent last Saturday and Sunday afternoons with her and she was very well.  I had lots of fun hearing some of her stories.  I started pulling up photos and asking her to identify the people in the photo.  One of the photos that I pulled up is above.   I have since had another genealogy buddy, Josie Bishop,  identify the ladies in the photo.  

I asked my mother-in-law who they were.  She wasn't sure....not surprising since it turned out that they were Moses women (her husband was a Moses and she may have only met some of these women once or twice if at all). And definitely she would never have met them when they were this young as it is possible that her husband had not even been born at the time of the photo.   After a minute she said: "well the one on the right is Sarah!"  I looked and then looked again and then said:  "You are right!  That is Sarah!"  It turns out that the lady on the far right is Lida Fitzgerald Moses (the wife of A.L. Moses) who was my husband's grandmother.  I never knew her as an young woman.  But I am telling you that my middle daughter, Sarah, is her spittin' image!  And the small child in the front of the photo is a dead ringer for my niece, Meredith!

Sunday, July 30, 2017

Tunnel between Twin Branch and Davey in the coal fields of WV

I had been chatting with Patty Ament about her mother's memory of having walked through the tunnel from Twin Branch to school.  It struck a chord with me because I remember hearing my mother-in-law's story about the same thing.  Yesterday my mother-in-law had a very good day and we spent the afternoon talking about her years in the coal fields.  I asked her about the tunnel.  She said that there was a tunnel between Twin Branch and Davey.  It was a long way to go around the mountain to get from one town to the other.  The tunnel made the walk MUCH shorter!  So she would put her ear down to the train tracks to listen for a train, and if she didn't hear one, she would walk through the tunnel.  Here is what I wrote yesterday after chatting with Sue about the tunnel:
So I asked her about the tunnel today while I sat with her.  She was very lucid, so I believe that her memory on this is OK.  She said that there were two tunnels.  One was between Twin Branch and Davey.  The other was between Twin Branch and Maryville.  She used the tunnel between Twin Branch and Davey quite often.  She said that when she was growing up, the mine that was owned by Fordson Coal Company was called the Twin Branch Mine.  It was good work….plenty of work and the miners prospered.  They would go to Davey to spend their money and there was a row of stores in Davey including several women’s ready wear stores.  So Davey was the “big town” while Twin Branch was more of a place where people lived and worked.  She thought that perhaps Davey had 5000 people….we can probably look that up.  Sue’s family lived in Twin Branch.  Her grandmother whom she loved very much lived in Davey right along the railroad tracks.  Sue said that there was a road along the tracks and then houses all along the road across the road from the tracks.
Sue used the tunnel to visit her grandmother.  She also said that she used the tunnel on the way home from her afterschool job.  She was a babysitter and cook at a very early age for a man who was an electrician in the mine.  She would go home with his kids and watch them until he got home from work and have dinner on the table when he arrived.  
Sue said that sometime in her teenage years the union went on strike at the Twin Branch Mine.  The owners just shut the mine down permanently and the work was gone as well as the money.  I will try to blog this this week…..if you have anything to add, I am happy to add your remembrances.  I will look for a map and photos to add to the post.  marsha

Rucci Grocery store in Welch WV

My mother-in-law has a bit of dementia.  I am sitting with her today.  Yesterday we spent the afternoon looking at old photos so that she could identify some of the people in the photos for me.  So when I walked in today, her brain was reminded of her life in the coal fields in the early to mid 1900s.  Her first comment after we made small talk and had some Colonel Sanders was:  "I don't know why I got this notion in my head.  But I was thinking that Mrs. Rucci is closing her store.  I always get a lot of what I need from this store. " After quizzing her a bit, I figured out that she was talking about Welch WV.  She said that her mother bought a lot from the store as well.  So, of course, I googled the Rucci store and she agreed that that was definitely the place!

I found the photo of Mr. Rucci in his store on-line.  Someone had posted it on Ancestry.  Sue said that the store was close to where she lived and was in a large building of some sort.  Sue said that she he liked most of all to sell authentic Italian food that he bought from special dealers.

Later in the day, Sue added that her mother went in one day for a piece of pie.  Apparently they also served food in the store.  She said that two of the waiters were arguing and one of the waiters through a pie right into the face of the other waiter.

Saturday, July 29, 2017

Painted Caves in France

I am listening to a book called Before the Dawn tonight that is about DNA and the earliest beginnings of man.  I like the book.  I am listening to a chapter that mentions the painted caves in France and I wanted to make a note.  The earliest caves that have been discovered are:

The earliest known European figurative cave paintings are those of Chauvet Cave in France. These paintings date to earlier than 30,000 BCE (Upper Paleolithic) according to radiocarbon dating.

The cave has been sealed off to the public since 1994. Access is severely restricted owing to the experience with decorated caves such as Lascaux found in the 20th century, where the admission of visitors on a large scale led to the growth of mold on the walls that damaged the art in places. In 2000 the archaeologist and expert on cave paintings Dominique Baffier was appointed to oversee conservation and management of the cave. She was followed in 2014 by Marie Bardisa.
Caverne du Pont-d'Arc, a facsimile of Chauvet Cave on the model of the so-called "Faux Lascaux", was opened to the general public on 25 April 2015.[26] It is the largest cave replica ever built worldwide, ten times bigger than the Lascaux facsimile. The art is reproduced full-size in a condensed replica of the underground environment, in a circular building above ground, a few kilometres from the actual cave.[27] Visitors’ senses are stimulated by the same sensations of silence, darkness, temperature, humidity and acoustics, carefully reproduced.[28]

Saturday, July 22, 2017

Scotch-Irish and Clendenin

I found this map on-line one day and it has sat on my desk top.  I wanted to file it so that I could find it again.  But couldn't decide where that would here it is on my blog.

With the research that I have done on the Clendenin family, I find that

One of the versions of the Clendenin massacre begins with this information: Archibald Clendenin lived in this valley (Calf Pasture) before moving to the lower Cowpasture where he died in 1749.  Archibald Jr was the most conspicuous victim in the Greenbrier massacre of 1763.  Charles, another son, gave his name to the capital of WV.  Morton “Rockbridge Co. VA. p. 89”  (don’t know if this is true or not.  Needs some research “someday”.  
 Archibald, Jr. a son by the first wife, moved to Greenbrier and was murdered by Indians in 1763.  His wife was a Ewing.  Five of his six children were also killed, but the wife escaped to the Cowpasture.  George and Charles seem to have been other sons.  The latter gave his name to the capital of West Virginia.

Sunday, June 11, 2017

Trip to the lower James River

I finally finished my Dames papers this past week.  All of that research on the Farrar family makes me yearn for a trip to the lower James River.  So much to see!  So I am going to begin to put a few things on my list for a future trip.

The idea was inspired by my having bought a new book this week that I am putting on my shelf as I have a very busy week.  Books that go on my shelf often then get overlooked.  This book is called the Invasion of Virginia 1781 by Michael Cecere.  I am thinking that it might be one of the books I might read at the time that I go since I will surely want to look at Revolutionary War sites on this trip!

From Wikipedia:

The Siege of Yorktown, also known as the Battle of Yorktown, the Surrender at YorktownGerman Battle or the Siege of Little York,[a][b] ending on October 19, 1781, at Yorktown, Virginia, was a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington and French Army troops led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by British peer and Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis. The culmination of the Yorktown campaign, the siege proved to be the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War in the North American theater, as the surrender by Cornwallis, and the capture of both him and his army, prompted the British government to negotiate an end to the conflict. The battle boosted faltering American morale and revived French enthusiasm for the war, as well as undermining popular support for the conflict in Great Britain.[8]

Friday, June 2, 2017

Moore family in Orange County, NC and move to SC and GA

Lynn Perkins just sent an e-mail explaining about his Jackson family line.  I don't want to loose the thought that this family was in Orange County, NC and then moved into Wrightsboro .....and his wonderful story about one of the son's moving very quickly to preserve his "neck"!  As I was writing back to my wonderful Moore group, I decided to place the information here so that it is at my fingertips.  I will also link this post to the one that is already in place about Eno MM.

Here is Lynn's reply to my question about his Jackson family:

Marsha, it was our, (Suzann, Rachael and Lp) line of Jacksons.  For fun and for me to write up my Jackson family notes I will go over again the Moore-Jackson connection.  It seems our Jackson line was a bit roudy.   Papa Jackson owned a tavern at the outskirts of Hillsborough where everybody met to cuss and discuss Gov. Tyrone mishandling of gov. The Gov. put out a bounty to hang one of the sons. Col. Benjamin Jackson of Rev. fame.  I may have his name wrong cause this is old and stale in me mind.  Benjamin had to leave in the middle of the night to keep his neck from being stretched beyond toleration.  He rode hard and fast to Wrightsborough. There were 4 brothers and a sister who ended up at Wrightsborough.  Out of all there were 5 men named Absolum Jackson.  I managed to eliminate 4 of them as not being the Absolum Jackson of the 1820 Jones County GA. Census.  The 5th was very elusive and hid out in the wills of Chambers County Alabama who I had been told contained no Moore relatives.  in the 1820 Census next door was Hedion More. 1 male and 2 females and no wife.  Next door was Absolum Jackson who had 2 right age for twins.  We knew Papa Moore lost his wife and had a set of twins, a brother and two sisters.  They started looking for Papa Moore and the twins in 1977.  Absolum Jackson who raised the twin boys decided to come out of hiding in the court house in 2000.  When Absolum Jackson of 1837 will, came out of hiding in the will book, almost every remaining mystery fell into place except finding and deciding which Richard in Alabama was the twin's family.  That is when I found Harry Moore and spent a rainy day in July fitting in the remaining pieces of the Idens and Richard Moore puzzle.Lp  Oh I forgot to tell you there was a David Jones on the other side of Absolum Jackson 1820 census Jones Co. connected to David Jones of Citalgarth and neighbor and trustee of John Moore's will 1719. Tis a small small world we live in.
Then here is what I wrote back to the group:

Ok….so that IS a part of your Jackson family that is buried in the Eno cemetery….May I please put this on my blog site so that I remember it if I ever manage to put together a homecoming in Wrightsboro?  That is my dream in the next few years.  I haven’t had much luck with the Orange County, NC area in reconstructing the neighborhood …..too much missing…..but I think that we can do this reconstruction with the help of the research that the group who rededicated the Eno cemetery and knowing who we find in Wrightsboro.  I think that the only reason we do not find the Moore group on that headstone is that the family was lucky enough to not have anyone die while they lived in that area.  

We do know that Richard and Sarah lived there.  Their certificate was for Cane Creek MM….but Eno was a preparatory meeting under Cane Creek MM. Someone correct me if you do not believe that this was the area in which they lived.  I ALWAYS want to be corrected!   I am not sure that any of us have agreed that we know for sure that Sarah’s maiden name was Jenkins.  Does anyone have that proof?  And I am not sure that the lady who sent me the below was correct in sorting out which Mordecai Moore it is found buying land in SC: Richard’s son Mordecai (my ancestor) or Steve’s ancestor Mordecai who was an uncle to my Mordecai.  I haven’t yet gotten that straight in my mind.  

The Moore family stayed in Berks Co PA at Exeter MM until 1755.  The certificates from Exeter were received by Cane Creek MM in Orange Co NC on 6-4, 1757, for Richard Moore, his wife Sarah (Jenkins), their son John and their daughter Prudence.  A receipt of certificate for Mordecai and Abigail Moore is not in the extant records for Cane Creek, but they had to have had one, since Cane Creek disowned both.  Abigail's dis mou was recorded on 8-4, 1764 and also on 8-2, 1766.  One of those is probably a transcription error, since there are several of those in the Hinshaw summaries (or a typo at the printer).  Mordecai Moore was disowned on 5-6, 1758, and Prudence Moore on 7-7, 1759.  On 11-7, 1767, Richard and wife (Sarah) and son James were granted a certificate to Fredericksburg MM, SC.  Bush River wasn't yet an MM, and Wrightsborough GA did not yet exist as a settlement, much less an MM.  The Wrightsborough plans were already in process, so the older Moores probably went straight there--they didn't stay long enough in SC to get land there (although son Mordecai did).  Fredericksburg MM was the nearest one for either the Bush River or the Wrightsborough communities as of 1767.  Son John Moore stayed in NC until 4-5, 1777, when he was granted a certificate to Wrightsborough MM (received there on 1-3, 1778).

Since we know that this time period in NC was the time period when Richard and Sarah’s children were marrying….and marrying out of unity for whatever reason, I suspect that my George McKinsey and Sarah Moore did not meet in NC….but rather in SC or Wrightsboro.  Sarah is the daughter of Mordecai and granddaughter of Richard and Sarah.  I suspect that they met through Richard and Sarah’s daughter, Abigail who married Nehemiah Thomas in NC (dis mou) and then moved to an area in SC very close to the Bush River MM.  Although from a Quaker family, Nehemiah obviously had been dis or had left the Quaker church before his marriage since Abigail was dis mou.  I don’t know this for sure….but it seems the most likely answer to the question.  George’s family had bought land in SC:

   George McKinsey settled in SC on 8 Jan 1773 as evidenced by a land deed.  It reads in part, George McKinsey of Craven County in the Province of South Carolina, paid 250 pounds to Thomas Shaw for 150 acres of land more or less, 8 January 1773.  This land was bought in the 13th year of the Reign of King George III.  Note: In 1683 Craven County as shown on the deed was one of the first couties extablished  in SC.  All three couties were later abolished.  This area was made District Ninety Six in 1769.  In 1798 it became the present county of Newberry, SC.

This land was just down the road from the farm on which Nehemiah and Abigail Moore Thomas lived. 

Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Memorial Day

Only one of my grandchildren accompanied me to decorate the cemeteries this year.  Kya is my buddy.  We visited both Woodmere where the Moses group is buried and also Spring Hill where the Hawkins group and ancestors of the Hawkins group are buried.

For my new found cousin, James Lewis, who is interested in the genealogy of the Hawkins family, I took a few extra photos of our mutual 3-gr-grandparent's graves:

Saturday, May 27, 2017

Hawkins Map of Kentucky

I did this map many years ago while working on sorting out all of the various Hawkins lines that moved from the Orange/Culpeper/Louisa county area of Virginia.  I am actually just putting it on the blog so that it is easy to find.  I have first put a smaller version in place.  With the larger version, you should be able to shift the map to zero in on various parts.  Many of these Hawkins families belong to Hawkins DNA family group #1.  Others seem to belong to other groups.  Some are still not placed in a DNA group in my own mind.  We all just chip away at figuring everyone out.

Friday, May 12, 2017

Goochland County

I am working on my Colonial Dames papers this weekend and thus I am looking at the Douglas Register  to use in proofs on generations from Louisa County, Virginia back to the Farrar family of Farrars Island.  The Douglas Register was transcribed and edited by W. Mac Jones in 1928.  At the time that he transcribed Rev William Douglas' records, he commented that the actual original book was in a good state of preservation.  His introduction says:

This book is known as the "Douglas Register" for the reason that it not only contains a record of Births, Chirstenings, Marriages, Deaths, and Funerals in St James Northam Parish and the county of Goochland, but in many instances in adjacent counties and others more remote.  The record also is not only for the period he was in charge of St James Northam Parish, but continues after he left that parish, on the 5th of September 1777, and went to live in Louisa County.  In fact he kept up the entries in the Register until 1797, and thus it covers a period of

 ninety-two years.

On the title page it says:  Being a detailed record of Births, Marriages, and Deaths together with other interesting notes, as kept by the Rev. William Douglas from 1750 to 1797.

And just below that it says:  An Index of Goochland Wills.  Notes on the French-Hugeunot Refugees who lived in Manakin-Town.

The reason that I am making notes in the blog while doing this project is that as I started reading, I decided I wanted some maps to help me interpret what I am reading.

And the above map suggests that these settlers came right up the James River just as those in Orange and Culpeper came up the Rappahannock and those in Louisa came up the North and South Anna rivers from the Pamunkey

I am viewing the Douglas Register on Ancestry.

Thursday, May 11, 2017

Very early settlement of New Jersey

My Moore group has been chatting about our Cureton ancestors.  James and Rose Moore's son John married Jane Cureton.  It is quite clear that Jane's family came over on the ship the Swan in 1685.  They settled in the Welsh Tract almost immediately.  However, we are not as certain how our Moore ancestors came to these shores.  We find James and Rose Moore in what is now downtown Philly by 1684....just two years after Penn had the city laid out.  Had they moved to these shores before and had been living elsewhere?  Did they move just in time to buy land in the new Philadelphia?  Our group is not sure.  We also are not sure just where they were living before they climbed on board a boat that brought them to our shores.

Wednesday, March 15, 2017

Very early Hawkins families

Elaine and I were chatting this morning about some of the early Hawkins families.  She mentioned all of the names that are found in the St. Paul's register that includes King George County and Stafford County, Virginia.

I bought that book.  I don't have time to look at it this morning.  I would guess that it is Hawkins' that connect to Thomas of Old Rappahannock County....but don't know for sure.  Here is the name of the book if I want to look at it on my computer at a later date.  It should be on Google Play and is among the bookmarks on my computer.  Oh, wow.....I need to spend some time on looking at my collection of books on Google Play....AMAZING!

The below map shows King George County and one can surmise where Stafford County is very easily.  I won't add another map.  Note that both are close to Fredericksburg which is at the falls of the Rappahannock River.

Friday, March 10, 2017

Jacob and Elizabeth Elliott in Pennsylvania

Ancestry just sent me a link to the copy of an original record that names the first four children of Jacob and Elizabeth Elliott and gives their dates of birth.  The record is said to be from the Menallen Monthly Meeting in Adams Pennsylvania.  I had not had this information before....well that may not be accurate.  If I had this information before, it did not sink in.  So this blog post is about where this Monthly Meeting was located and what it might tell me about proving parents for either Jacob or Elizabeth. [I saved this document to my Ancestry Tree]

Menallen  Monthly Meeting was founded in 1748 as a Preparative Meeting by the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) and became a Monthly Meeting in 1780. It is an active spiritual community that supports its members and the surrounding community.  In addition to weekly worship, we have a monthly spiritual study group and other activities including community outreach.  Menallen Monthly Meeting (also known as Menallen Friends) follows the tradition of unprogrammed silent worship, and is a member of Warrington Quarter and Baltimore Yearly Meeting.  So it seems that it is still an active meeting.  
This is such a surprise to me as I had thought that the Elliott family had been located in the environs of Philly.  Instead the map below shows the location of Menallen MM:
From the website:

In 1691, William Penn (a member of the Religious Society of Friends) founded a government and a society that welcomed all people and all religions. This tolerance attracted immigrants of varied religions and backgrounds, including many Quakers.  By the 1730’s some of these families moved to York and Adams Counties in Pennsylvania. The percentage of Friends (Quakers)was significant.  To support these new communities new Quaker Meetings were established, notably, Newberry (Redlands) Meeting in 1739, Warrington in 1745, Menallen Meeting in 1748 and Huntington Meeting  in 1750.

At the time that Jacob and Elizabeth's children were born, Menallen was a preparatory meeting:
to hold regular meetings and for several years to come all members of Menallen Meeting were members of Sadsbury Monthly Meeting.  However, upon establishment of Warrington Monthly Meeting in 1747, all Friends west of the Susquehanna River became members of the new Monthly Meeting.  There is a description of where the original and also the newer meeting houses were built at this same site. 

And from:  

Menallen Prep

Menallen Preparative was set up as in 1748 by Sadsbury Monthly, having been an Indulged Meeting since 1733. In 1748, the meeting became part of Warrington Monthly Meeting, the registers of which show that the first marriage to be conducted at Menallen in 1751. Menallen's earliest meeting house was a log structure, which they tore down in 1838, and rebuilt on a new property in Flora Dale, about a mile south of Bendersville. About 1890, that structure was replaced by the red brick building currently in use.

Records of Menallen Monthly Meeting, 1733-1993. Includes men's and joint minutes 1780-1963, women's minutes 1780-1891, vital records 1733-1991, Ministers and Elders minutes 1884-1911, and miscellaneous 1851-1993. So it does not look as if there would be more information available during the time that Jacob and Elizabeth were in PA.  By 1763 they had moved to North Carolina.  Which brings me to the reason that I had assumed that they were from Warrington MM.

1763, 11, 26.  Jacob (Ellott) & W& ch, Jacob, Elizabeth, Hannah, Israel & William rocf Warrington MM, Pa, dated 1763, 9, 20 (I have a copy of the original MM records for this) This is found in the records of New Garden MM in what is now Guilford County, NC.  It would have been Rowan County in 1763

They would have taken a certificate from Warrington MM because at the time Menallen was not yet a MM.  It was still just a preparative meeting.

Tuesday, February 7, 2017

County Donegal and the Morrison family

Donegal County in Northern Ireland and Morrison

I have been working a bit on the Morrison family lines that we find in Cabell and Wayne Counties in WV.  I have recently found a participant to do DNA testing who is a part of these family lines.  He has matched with the H2 Morrison family members that I have been chatting with for the past few years.  When I got the news that he was an H2 match, you probably heard my WOO HOO from WV while you sat at your computer.  I am very excited.  My 4-gr-grandmother on Mom's side was Elizabeth Hensley.  All of the old time researchers in our area assume that Elizabeth was a Morrison .....including Ruth Sammons Nassar.   I have found very few wrong assumptions among Ruth's  research writings.  My gut feeling is that this is a correct assumption....but I just can't prove it.  I will add my ideas on proving Elizabeth's connection as I have time.  But today I want to jot down some ideas that I was thinking about while I drove to knitting today.

The first is that the folklore in the WV Morrison family group is that James and Rachel Morrison came from County Donegal  in Northern Ireland.  All of this statement is iffy.  First there is no reason to believe that James and Rachel Morrison were the original immigrants.  And second the TN Morrison group who are DNA matches have folklore saying that four Morrison brothers arrived on these shores from Scotland.  All of these groups of people are almost certainly from the same original immigrants!

But nonetheless, Here are my thoughts on Donegal.  First of all.  The Morrisons of Scotland are said to have lived on:

There is little in the way of historical information on the origins of Clan Morrison. It is generally accepted that the hereditary judges, or brieves, of the Isle of Lewis were chiefs of the clan until that office disappeared in the early 1600's. The seat of the brieves was at Habost in Ness, near the Butt of Lewis. One tradition is that this line of brieves were descended from a Morrison heiress of the original line and a Macdonald of Ardnamurchan who married her in the 1300's. The Morrisons of Harris claim to be of the original line.

The Isle of Lewis is marked with the big red marker below.

Donegal is the pink area on the map of Ireland in the below map:

I have to point out that while Donegal County is in the northern part of the Island of Ireland, it is NOT a part of Northern Ireland.  Does that mean that it was not settled by the British during the period of the Scotch-Irish?

The next crazy thoughts that I have are about my mother's Family Finder matches.  I wrote a blog post several years ago about a man who contacted me about one of my mother's matches.  This man asked me if we had McDonald connections.  You can read it here:

It looks as if the Morrison Clan and the McDonald Clan shared home lands. 

Next I asked on the Scotch-Irish list for input on understanding County Donegal in the context of the Scotch-Irish.  John Polk was kind enough to send me the below with permission to add it to my post:

Donegal may not be part of what is now Northern Ireland but it is one of the nine counties of Ulster and was very much part of the Ulster Plantation beginning in 1609. I just checked the Donegal Hearth Rolls for 1665 and found 8 Morisons (sic) listed at that time. 

Ulster Scots came to America and became what we call Scotch-Irish from Donegal just as from the other counties of Ulster. In fact the first recognizable Scotch-Irish community in America came mainly from the Area of Lifford in Donegal, following the lead of Rev. Francis Makemie (of Ramelton), to Somerset County Maryland in 1683. To see my article on this topic from The Journal of Scotch-Irish studies please go to 

The main wave of Scotch-Irish to America began about 1715 and continued unabated up to the Revolutionary War, particularly into Pennsylvania and on down the Appalachians into Virginia and the Carolinas.  If you want to see a list of names, the mother lode of Scotch-Irish settlers in Pennsylvania in the mid-18th century is here -  Just pick a county, particularly Chester, Lancaster, Cumberland, York, and start looking at the names on all the warrants that were issued at that time. I am sure you will find some Morrisons.

I expect there is at least a 90% chance that your ancestors were Scotch-Irish if they came through MD, PA, VA and/or WV in the 1700's. They emigrated for economic and religious reasons. Their situation was very different in Ulster than it was in Scotland and greatly incentivized them to get out and head for the colonies if they could get there. Once they got started they kept encouraging the ones back home to follow on and move on to the next unsettled area of the frontier. And so they kept hopscotching one over the other to follow the great road southward. My own ancestors ended up as among the first settlers of what is now Charlotte NC. That is where President Polk was born, or at least very nearby, in a log cabin just like Abraham Lincoln. Andrew Jackson very nearby, a few years earlier. These people didn't want any part of British rule and were the backbone of the American Revolution. In May 1775 the citizens of Mecklenburg County (Charlotte) declared their independence, a year before the colonies as a whole.

The situation in Scotland in the 1700s was wholly different and more comfortable than it was in Ulster in both religious and economic terms. They had far less reason to emigrate although there were still many supporters of the Stewarts and Bonnie Prince Charlie who wanted to rebel against British rule. That met a sorry end at Culloden in 1746 after which a lot them were exiled to very parts of the empire. A large contingent of them settled in the coastal areas of North and South Carolina, but they had nothing to do with their Scotch-Irish cousins in the piedmont and Appalachian areas.

There is a really good book about them which I highly recommend as a general background - "The Scotch-Irish, A Social History" by James G. Leyburn. Perhaps you already have it. 

Wednesday, February 1, 2017

Family Group #1: Short Mountain, TN Hawkins group

I have become particularly interested in the subgroup in Family group #1 that I am calling the Short Mountain, Tn group.   I find that almost every participant who is a part of this subgroup has some connection to Short Mountain or to Warren, DeKalb, or Cannon County, TN.  I am going to add some information from some of these participants in this spot.

Nancy Pack had an ancestor with name Benjamin who has a connection:

  I just sent an e-mail to Bret as I really believe we have a common ancestor in what would now be Warren Co. TN.   ...  His last known Hawkins ancestor Joseph lived and died in that area and my last known ancestor GGG Grandfather Benjamin Hawkins (maybe John Benjamin) died in Warren Co. TN (his will in my tree gallery) but was buried in Riceville, McMinn Co. TN.   I think we may share either him or his father as a common ancestor.  It would be so great if we could find that out! 


Nancy Pack’s line:

(Hawkins Group #1) (Dekalb County AL Hawkins—Steven Thomas Hawkins participant 59402) 
     Our earliest ancestor  Benjamin Hawkins (1754-1827) was born in NC and died in McMinn County TN.  We know from Benjamin's will that his wife was Mary and they had 10 children—Benjamin,Jr., James,Joseph, William, Nancy, Blanche, Polly, Sally, JOHN and Raleigh.  In the Chancery Court Records of McMinn County TN there are disputes documented about the land Benjamin Hawkins had bequeathed to his wife Mary and their children.  Depositions describe what happened to the children in the years after Benjamin's death.  John Hawkins (our Great-great grandfather) and his brother Raleigh migrated to Dekalb County AL from the McMinn/White counties of TN about 1833.  
     By this time, John had married Elizabeth Cook and had six children. Six more children were born to them in Dekalb County AL---Benjamin,III, Alexander, Raleigh, Lucinda, John,II, Mahulda Jane, James, Preston, WILLIAM, Mary Ann, Jerusha, Blanchey.  Raleigh (1800) also married Henrietta Beene and had several children in Dekalb County AL.  Most of the descendants stayed in the area of Dekalb County AL and Dade County GA except for a few descendants who migrated to Arkansas and Texas.  The first generation of John Hawkins and Elizabeth Cook are included on our Hawkins Family Tree on  
     Our Great-grandfather WILLIAM C. Hawkins (1840-1872) married Mary Ann Beene (1845-1923) in Dekalb County AL in 1859 just before the Civil War.  He was a union sympathizer but was conscripted into the service of the Confederacy in April 1862.  He quickly deserted, hid out in the woods for 8 months--- then crossed federal lines and joined the First Tennessee & Alabama Vidette Calvary, Company C.  He served as sergeant until honorable discharge in June of 1864.  He was then employed by the United States to work on the military railroad until the end of the war.  In 1872, he decided to join a wagon train going out west so he left Dekalb Co.AL with his wife and 3 children. (William Jacob, Nancy Elizabeth & JOHN PRESTON ) They did have Hawkins and Beene relatives in Arkansas so possibly that was their destination.  Around Boles, Arkansas our Great-grandfather William C. Hawkins died and was buried in an unmarked grave.  His wife Mary Ann had their fourth child (Amanda Jane) and promptly returned to Dekalb County AL with her four Hawkins children. 
      In 1874, Mary Ann finished filing a claim with the Southern Claims Commission that her deceased husband had started in 1871.  (case no. 7538). In 1875 she took her mother, nephew and three neighbors to Cleveland, TN to give depositions proving that she and her husband had been loyal only to the union and had not aided the confedrate cause.  She proved her case and received $366 for 280 bushels of corn, 100 bushels of potatoes, 7 sheep, six hogs and one good horse taken by the General McCook's army in September 1863.  
     Our grandfather JOHN HAWKINS (1869-1925) was quite industrious and adventurous. He left Dekalb County about 1900 and traveled south to Shelby County AL.   He found work as a guard in the Longview Workcamp (1900 census) One evening, the warden Thomas J. Sanders took him home for dinner and he met the warden's daughter, IDA B. SANDERS.  She was to be our grandmother.  They moved a few miles away to an area of Bibb county called Six Mile and opened a general store---serving several  mining towns that had cropped up as the iron ore was being mined out of  the hills and dales of Shelby, Bibb and Jefferson counties.  They also lived in part of the store which was situated at the fork of the Cahaba and Little Cahaba Rivers. (now part of a nature conservancy) About 1913, the store burned and they returned to Dekalb County and bought a farm in Lebanon, AL---the county seat at that time.  The railroad was closeby and brought all the materials to build a house.  They had six children—Horace, Mary B., John P., Chad, WILLIAM THOMAS & Warren G.   Their mother Ida B. passed in 1923 and their JOHN P. HAWKINS  in 1925 so the young children were reared by a half-uncle and neighbors.  In 1923 their grandfather Papa Sanders and Ggrandmother Mary Ann also passed so they had lots of troubles but they all grew up to be hard working respectable people.  

John Preston Hawkins (1869-1925)
& wife Ida B. Sanders (1879-1923)

Friday, January 27, 2017

Migration into Louisa County

A question came across the Louisa County mail list this morning about migration into Louisa County from Prince George County.  I wanted to respond to this question because I also have an interest in just exactly where my ancestors were living before they moved to Louisa County.  However, I haven't looked at the counties enough yet to know if they actually moved or if there were just boundary changes.  Here is the question.

I found a possible ancestor, John Joyce, recorded in Louisa County in 1743,
but he disappears from the record afterward. Recently, I found a John Joyce
recorded in 1683 in a Prince George County Deed book. Have any of you
noticed a migration from Prince George to Louisa County, Virginia in your
research before?

OK....after doing the exercise below, I find that I have almost nothing of help to the man who asked the above question.  Prince George County is way east of my families lands.....near Williamsburg.  But the time spent below was helpful.  I am inching my way towards knowing these early Louisa County ancestors.

In 1669 no one would have been living as far west as what is now Louisa.  I find my Hawkins ancestors moving west from the Northern Neck into Orange and Culpeper around 1734.  They moved up the Rappahannock River from Richmond County.  And Germanna was settled in 1714 and 1717 on the Rappahannock River in what is now Culpeper County partly as a buffer between eastern settlements and the French and the Indians on the Frontier.  But the counties that would have claimed this "frontier" land in 1669 would have been New Kent, Henrico, and Charles City as seen on the map below.

In 1691, King and Queen took a part of New Kent's territory:

In 1701 King William was formed from King and Queen:

And in 1702 Prince George from Charles City:

By 1720 families are beginning to settle farther west and Hanover and King George and Spotsylvania are formed in these western lands.  Probably our ancestors who end up in Louisa are NOT in Brunswick.

And then in 1728, an important one for me ....Goochland is formed from the western part of Henrico.
I find that many of the early families that I look at have their beginnings (well....earliest I find them) in Goochland County.

Then the important date of 1742 when Louisa County is formed from the western part of Hanover County:

And another important for me event:  Cumberland is formed from Goochland in 1749.  Another of the counties that I look at a lot for my early ancestors.

My own Ancestors in Louisa:Her information

My Andersons and Carters found in Louisa County are said to have come from neighboring farms in Goochland County.  My information comes from Pattie Cooke's book: Wartime Letters of Louisa County, Virginia: the Cooke Family Papers 1859-1866. : " “Jesse and Mary lived at one time in Caroline County, Va., but in 1843 they moved to Louisa County.  They bought 385 acres from Elish Melton in the Northwest secion of Louisa.

Her information comes from a deed in a Goochland in 1843 in which Jesse Anderson and Mary his wife are said to have been "of Caroline County".

Oh, phooey....I wasn't expecting that....back to the maps.  I was expecting Jesse and Mary to live in the same area as they had grown up before their move to Louisa.  Here is Caroline County

Mary's mother and father (surnames Scott and Carter) were married in Goochland County in  1802.   But Mary's mother (Nancy Scott Carter) died in Cumberland County 1830.....whoops....whereever I received that information from is NOT right....Cumberland has not been created yet in 1830.